Painting is not just about colors but choosing the right type of paint is vital for a good result. To cater to the need of various applications, acrylics are available in different consistency or thickness, also known as viscosity. They are sold in jars (heavy body), tubes (soft body), and bottles (high flow inks).
Different paint viscosity is designed for different use. The paint's viscosity will decide how much pressure you must apply on the brush to slither across.
For example, heavy body paint is ideal for impasto and texture work; soft body paint is used for blending and continuous brushwork; fluid paint is suitable for acrylic pouring.
Try this experiment, take a plate and drop some high viscosity paint on it. Take another plate and drop some low viscosity paint on this one. Flip both the plates at the same time and see which paint drops first. As expected, low viscosity paint will fall faster. The consistency and gravity both play their roles.
Apart from Viscosity, sheen, and opacity of paint must be considered when buying paints for the artwork. Let us get familiar with these terms.
Acrylic Body Paint is broadly divided into three types:
High Viscosity Acrylic Paint is a heavy body
Medium Viscosity Acrylic Paint is a soft body
Low Viscosity Acrylic Paint is high flow ink
Each paint viscosity is designed for specific painting techniques. Choose one based upon the style and methods you will use. Initially, you may find it challenging to select, so read below to find out when and how to use these acrylic paints.
- Heavy Body Acrylic
- Soft Body / Open Acrylic
- Fluid Acrylic
Heavy Body Acrylic
This paint comes in a jar or tube, has a creamy consistency and a thick viscosity like butter. The tube varieties have a tendency to be like toothpaste or perhaps mustard when squeezed from the tube. They can still maintain their shape but are ready to be dispersed evenly.
Heavy body acrylic paints have no fillers, dyes, extenders, toners, or pacifiers added. They are in their pure form, and hence the colors are vibrant. Of all of the available viscosity, heavy body acrylics give excellent coverage.
They create good peaks making them well suited for impasto methods. It allows you to sculpt the paint and build up layers of rich color and texture. Once dry, the acrylic polymer braces the material, adding texture and bringing a 3D aspect into the work.
Because of their expressive nature and high viscosity index, they are useful in various applications. Mediums can be used to thin or thick the paint without affecting their glaze and shine.
Heavy body acrylics are excellent for artists who like oil paint but cannot wait for the drying period. When painting using acrylics, multiple layers of varying thickness are implemented in sequence. Next coating is applied when the prior will be a bit dry, unlike with oil painting.
Ideally used for:
- Palette knife painting
- For nearly 3D effect
- Impasto layers, in which the brushstrokes are apparent
- Create layers of rich color and feel
Soft Body Acrylic
Soft body or Fluid acrylic paints have similar intensity as the heavy body but flow evenly like a thick cream. Due to the same viscosity and pigment load as a heavy body, it has the same glaze, shine, and purity.
Best suited applications are dry brush, detailing, pouring, and primary artwork. They are flexible and mix well with other acrylic paints like heavy or fluid. When you have to blend paints on the canvas or wish to make changes to an existing one, they are reliable.
Ideally used for:
- Fine detailing work
- Dry brush or spraying
High Flow / Acrylic Ink
High Flow Acrylic has an ink-like consistency, extremely fluid with the lowest viscosity index. They are water-based, highly pigmented, and very useful. The film formed on the surface is water-resistant.
Acrylic ink is perfect for a painting technique called Glazing. The glaze is made by adding paint any transparent medium or water to the paint. The paint to medium ratio is somewhere around 2:8. A small amount of paint is mixed with a large amount of medium. There are many high flow mediums available for this technique, but many prefer to use just water. The glaze is applied on smooth canvas or a water-color paper to get the best result. Many transparent layers are used to create the glazing effect.
These acrylic paints can be used in the form of brushes, markers, dip pens, and airbrushes. The brush marks are not visible with free-flowing fluid acrylics. Acrylics are used in various techniques, including staining, leveling, calligraphy, mixed media, fine line, and broad strokes. Artists create stunning art using this paint due to its versatility.
Ideally used for:
- Watercolor effects
- Airbrush, dip pen, calligraphy
You can mix different types of acrylic body type paint together to achieve the desired consistency. There are many gels and mediums in the market that can be used to get the correct viscosity.
Artists also use multiple types of viscosity in a single painting. You need to make a logical choice for your work. It will help you make the most of the acrylic paint.
A beginner can start with soft body acrylic, as they are easy to control. Hope this post gave you a little insight into the viscosity of acrylic paints!