Guide to Buy Acrylic Paints

Guide to buy acrylic paints. Student grade paints vs Artist grade acrylic Paint. Factors like color grade, consistency, opacity, brightness, tube size, color choice,

Today, acrylic paint is one of the most popular mediums for mixed media artists and crafters. Acrylic paints are popular for reasons such as a wide range of color options, fast drying time, easy to use, and ease to clean. They have so much scope for texture and customization using a variety of mediums. Artist paint them on various surfaces like canvas, wall, wood, fabric, metal, and ceramics. 

If you've ever been to a local art supply store, you'll know how overwhelming it is to choose colors and quality from the spread available. With so many brands and mediums (like oil, acrylic, watercolor, pencils) available in the market, it is a challenging task.

Let's check out what parameters you should consider when buying acrylic paints to get a bright, consistent, and smooth finish in your artwork. Below is a short and handy guide to help you choose the right product as per your requirement.

Color Choice

Choosing a color largely depends upon your personal choice. All colors don't appeal the same way to all of us. We have some personal favorites. Along with your favorite, take the primary colors and you can make secondary colors from them. Always have white and black color in the paint box. They are great for making color tint, tones and and shades.

As an artist, did you ever face a time where your imagination did not turn out on canvas after several trials? If yes, you one of the many things you can check is your color choice. A thoughtful color selection is essential to bring out the creativity on the surface. 

Primary Colors:

  • Red - Vermillion or Pyrrol or Scarlet
  • Blue - Ultramarine or Phthalo
  • Yellow - Cadmium

Secondary Colors:

  • Green - Phthalo   
  • Orange
  • Purple

Other useful colors:

  • Burnt Sienna (Burnt Umber)
  • Titanium White
  • Cerulean blue for the sky
  • Magenta

Sometimes, you want to match a color that is already laid down in your picture. In such cases, instead of buying so many matching colors, try to mix few colors to get that precise shade. 

For example, the brown along with the blues blended will provide you a few dark. The yellows and blues provide all the greens you would ever want!

What is Paint Grade?

The prominent factors that determine paint grade are pigment concentration, pigment load, and the kind of binder used. 

Acrylic Paint comparision of student vs artist grade

Student grade

  • Low-quality pigment is added in the binder
  • Color intensity is low when mixed with other colors
  • They appear darker when dry
  • The cheapest acrylic paint for beginners comes as an 'Acrylic paint set'. The set contains a variety of colors in small tubes.

Fluid acrylic or soft acrylic paint, both are good for beginners. If you are painting for hobby, decorative purpose, murals, or with children, then student grade acrylic paints should be adequate. 

Artist grade

  • It contains a high load of pigment concentration, mixed with the best binders for a smooth consistency, giving a saturated color 
  • Has fewer additives or extenders
  • The color intensity and shine are maintained when blended with other paints or mediums
  • The colors on the painting look fresh for years 

The heavy body has a pigment-rich color range which tends to be expensive and individual colors are priced differently based on the special pigment used in the making. 

Acrylic paint cost differs by a great deal depending on different variables  used while it is produced. You will notice that higher grade range of paints  are divided into series (this is usually a price band) that reflect the cost. 

For all those artists looking to buy artist grade paints, here are the few deciding factors to consider when making a choice:

Vibrancy/Brightness

It's easier to notice that better paints with a higher pigment concentration is more bright. The amount of pigment supply and purity will majorly decide vibrancy of the color.

Some pigments which are not naturally sourced are made from a mix of pigments to achieve the target color.

Consistency

Acrylic paints come in range of consistencyFluid, soft body acrylic, heavy body acrylic, each is used for a precise purpose. Choose the one as per your requirement. For example, you will choose fluid paints for pour painting, and use a heavy body for impasto, texture work.

Opacity

Student and Artist colors both have a different amount of pigment; hence its opacity also differs. Natural pigment character dictates each color.

You should look at the packaging labels to see opacity level. You will see that some are opaque, others are semi-opaque and others are transparent. Use transparent ones if you want to use them for glazing and tinting. 

Choose opaque colors if you want to paint over any existing color. They are great for making solid, flat areas of color and covering up any mistakes you’ve made.

Light source

Some colors change in lighting conditions. For paintings hung outside in direct sunlight, checking the light fastness rating is essential. Choose paints that have a rating of at least fair if your paintings are going to hang outdoor. 

Which Tube Size to choose?

Acrylic Paint tube

There does not seem to be a 'general' dimension of tube amongst different manufacturers. For beginners, start with 20-22ml tubes as they are sufficient for a decent size picture.

Small tubes are handy and can be easily carried for outdoor events or to classes. The travel kit can accommodate more tubes, and hence you can take more colors with you.

When should you buy bigger tubes? Check two things; do you need it, and is it economical? If any answer is yes, then go for it. 

Additionally, using big tubes makes you less hesitant to use a big chunk out, because it is proportionally less of what you have! And always buy bigger tubes of white acrylic paint, you need that a lot.

How to lighten Acrylic Colors

White Acrylic Paint tub along with brush
 
Lightening your colors with white acrylic paint, is also known as tinting. Each shade has a limitation on how considerably mild you can make it, also known as tinting strength. 
 
Dark colors have a greater tinting strength since they are darker to begin together and have more space to be made lighter.

     Color Wheel

The colors in the color wheel move from a pure color to pristine white in the center. A gradation between these colors shows the number of color shades that can exist by adding white.

A simple example of gradation can be the sky where blue sky slowly comes down to white where you just see the horizon.

Darken Acrylic Paint Colors by Shading

shades of sunset
 
Adding black acrylic paint to a milder color makes the color look darker. This is known as shading. The above picture has a range of colors that have been gradually obscured by incorporating traces of black paint.

Remember that black is powerful. Therefore just a little paint goes a very long way. If you are unsure of the darker tones, try few dark strips on a rough pad; choose the one which looks more natural.

What is Hue?

Color hue of green
Hue in color mixing means the color of paint, i.e., red has a pinkish hue. In the painting world,  Hue actually would mean imitation. 

Thus a label that states: Cadmium Yellow Hue Means that this isn't a pure pigment made from Cadmium yellow. 

Some of it could be Cadmium yellow, but it's been mixed with something else to provide a similar shade. It is because some organic pigments are no longer accessible to create those colors. 

Lastly, as there are various brands in the market, try to pick a few every time and experiment with them to find which works best for you. Everyone has their favorite color and brand!

What is Acrylic Gel and Medium

Change paint consistency by using medium

By adding acrylic gel to your paint, you can change the paint viscosity and create a beautiful textures. Fluid mediums, gels, and pastes are available to can change the paint consistency. They maintains the paint’s ability to make a sturdy film when dry.

These gels, pastes, and mediums gives more flexibility and creative freedom than acrylic paints. You can change the texture from thick impasto to small peaks, and consistency can be altered from thick to thin flowing liquid. 

You can even modify the drying time, and so on. Needless to say, there is endless scope for the abstract painting textures you can create

Altering paint body is done by adding some water, but if you add excess water, the structure of paint will break down loosing the shine, texture, and will make it brittle when dry. 

Altering drying time is an excellent option for those looking for more time for paints to dry. You can buy more time by adding a little retarder to the paints.

Golden Open Acrylics  are specially designed for artist who want more time to work before the paint dry. They have a consistency that falls between heavy body and fluid paints.

Hope you have some information which will be beneficial, when you shop for acrylic paints!